This information is meant as a guide for you in an urgent or late-night situation. It is not meant to replace the examination and diagnosis of a veterinarian. These treatments are generally safe when administered as described, but may not be appropriate in every case. Use this information at your own discretion.
Vomiting – Remove food bowl and water bowl. Offer nothing by mouth for 4 hours. Then offer small amounts of pedialyte, gatorade or water. If your dog is able to hold the liquid down for 4-6 hours, slowly reintroduce food in small amounts. If still unable to keep food down, contact your vet. In dogs under 10 pounds, give a small amount (about a teaspoon) of Karo Syrup, honey, or maple syrup every 2 hours while withholding food. This will help prevent hypoglycemia. You can also give Pepto Bismol (dogs only). Give 1 teaspoon per 5 pounds or 1 tablespoon per 15 pounds every 2 hours. If vomiting does not improve after 3-4 doses, contact your vet.
Diarrhea – For diarrhea in dogs only, give Pepto Bismol or Kaopectate. (PLEASE DO NOT GIVE PEPTO BISMOL OR KAOPECTATE TO CATS) Give 1 teaspoon per 5 pounds or 1 tablespoon per 15 pounds every 2 hours. If diarrhea does not improve after 3-4 doses, please contact us.
Allergic Reaction – Symptoms in dogs and cats may include excessive itching, swollen face, puffy eyes, hives (bumps all over body), or vomiting. Give Benadryl 1mg per pound every 4-8 hours. (HALF of a 25mg tablet for up to 25 pounds, WHOLE 25mg tablet for 25 pounds and up, liquid benadryl give 1 teaspoon per 10 pounds) If your dog continues to swell up or begins to have difficulty breathing due to the reaction, contact your vet immediately. If the reaction occurred after vaccinations, contact your vet so they can take precautions with future vaccines.
Pain – NEVER GIVE IBUPROFEN, TYLENOL, MOTRIN OR ALEVE TO YOUR DOG. Instead give Aspirin (Bayer Aspirin is okay) — 1 tablet (325mg) per 30 pounds every 12 hours. Baby (Children’s) Aspirin 1 tablet (81mg) per 7.5 pounds every 12 hours. NEVER GIVE ANY PAIN MEDICATION TO CATS! If your dog needs more than two doses of aspirin, contact your vet and do not give any further doses.
Cough – For a mild cough in dogs, give Robitussin DM, 1cc per 2 pounds, 1 teaspoon per 10 pounds, 1 tablespoon per 30 pounds. Give every 4 hours, not to exceed 3 doses. If cough does not subside after a maximum of 3 doses, contact your vet.
Red or Runny Eyes – Use normal saline ophthalmic solution (regular contact solution is fine) 2-3 drops every 4 hours. DO NOT USE ANY SOLUTION WITH A STEROID (Hydrocortisone, Dexamethasone) IN IT UNTIL THE EYES HAVE BEEN EXAMINED BY A VETERINARIAN. If eyes continue to stay red for more than 24 hours, or if they become painful (usually associated with squinting), contact your vet.
Wound Care – Apply direct pressure to stop bleeding and bandage lightly if possible (almost all lacerations can be sutured satisfactorily for up to 12 hours after injury). For deeper or infected wounds, contact your vet. If bleeding does not stop after ten minutes, take immediately to a veterinarian. Plain Neosporin or other triple antibiotic ointment can be applied safely in dogs and cats.
Seizures – In the case of a seizure, it is important to remain as calm as possible as to not further stress your pet. Reduce lighting, turn them on their side and wrap your pet in a blanket or place on something soft until seizure stops (usually 1-3 minutes). KEEP YOUR FINGERS OUT OF THEIR MOUTH, THEY WILL NOT SWALLOW THEIR TONGUE. Contact your vet as soon as possible. If seizure continues for more than five minutes, take immediately to a veterinarian.
Itchy rash – Apply 1% Hydrocortisone cream up to every hour. Rub in well. If rash lasts more than 24 hours, it spreads or if skin becomes broken from excessive licking/scratching, contact your vet.
Constipation – For constipation problems give Dulcolax; 1 tablet every 8 hours (max 4 doses). Benefiber can be mixed with food at 1 teaspoon per 20 pounds daily to improve quality of bowel movements. If your pet is still unable to have a bowel movement within 24 hours, contact your vet.
Induce Vomiting – To induce vomiting, give Hydrogen Peroxide by mouth — 1 teaspoon per 5-10 pounds every 10 minutes until effective for a maximum of three doses. Induce vomiting only after speaking to a veterinarian or poison control center.
Source: Lakeside Vets
Animated gif at top of page: Simpson’s dog Santa’s Little Helper and cat Snowball